Considering that the entry and exit of people from the national territory has been restricted, will there be any crossing points that will remain in operation pending the state of emergency?

The Government has ordered the closure of all frontier crossing points, excluding:

Frontier crossing points – Land:

  • the Negomano, in Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Mandimba, II Congress and Entrelagos, Niassa Province;
  • Melosa, in Zambezia Province;
  • Cassacatisa, Cuchamano and Zóbwè, Tete Province;
  • Machipanda, Manica Province;
  • Chicualacuala, Gaza Province; and
  • Ressano Garcia and Namaacha, Maputo Province

Frontier crossing points – Airports:

  • Pemba Airport, Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Lichinga Airport, Niassa Province;
  • Nampula and Nacala Airports, Nampula Province;
  • Quelimane Airport, Zambézia Province;
  • Chingodzi Airport, Tete Province;
  • Chimoio Airport, Manica Province;
  • Beira Airport, Sofala Province;
  • Inhambane and Vilanculos Airfields, Inhambane Province; and
  • Maputo Airport, Maputo City.

Frontier crossing points – Maritime ports:

  • Port of Pemba and Mocímboa da Praia, Cabo Delgado Province;
  • Port of Nacala, Nampula Province;
  • Ports of Quelimane and Pebane, Zambézia Pronvice;
  • Port of Beira, Sofala Pronvice;
  • Port of Maputo, City of Maputo.

 

What will be the mode of use of public transportation of persons and goods during the state of emergency?

The Government has defined a maximum limit of passengers on board for public or private collective transportation, in road, rail, sea, river and air modalities, according to the number of seats/ capacity established for each type of transportation.

In addition to the maximum capacity limits, the Government has determined that all passengers on board public or private public transportation shall protect their nose and mouth with the use of masks, regardless of the material used (cloth masks), provided that these have been made in accordance with the recommendations given by the competent health authorities.

Motor-taxi and bicycle-taxi services may be provided, provided that passengers wear masks and that the maximum capacity limit is respected.

All owners of public or private public transportation undertakings or vehicles must guarantee health and safety conditions.

Failure to comply with measures imposed by the Government will result in the seizure of the vehicle.

 

Can I apply for a license to carry on transport activities pending the state of emergency?

No. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications, by means of Circular No. 02/GM/MTC/2020 ("Circular"), has suspended the issuance of permits for the commencement of transportation activities.

 

To whom do the measures set out in the Circular apply and when do they come into force?

The measures set out in the Circular apply to the following persons:

  • passengers and users;
  • transportation operators and service providers and their crew;
  • terminal and station managers for road, air, sea and rail transportation;
  • supervisory bodies and those overseeing transportation at different levels.

The Circular is in force since 9 April 2020.

 

In addition to the measures already taken, has any specific action been taken in regard to road transportation?

Concerning road transportation, the Government has suspended the licenses for international road passenger transportation.

Public cross-border road passenger transportation to and from any neighbouring country is prohibited, except for situations provided for in the SADC guidelines on cross-border transportation operations during the State of Emergency.

Cross-border transportation of goods will continue to be carried out to and from neighbouring countries and crew members will be subject to quarantine measures in accordance with the recommendations of the Health Authorities.

Operators of personalized rental transportation services (taxi), motor-taxi and bicycle-taxi, must strictly comply with preventive measures, including the mandatory wearing of protective masks for all occupants of the vehicle.

 

Regarding other modes of transportation, such as air, sea and rail, have any specific measures been taken?

The Government has taken specific measures specific to each means of transportation:

Air transportation

  • For domestic flight operations, disinfection of footwear and hands at the time of boarding and temperature measurement is compulsory.
  • Services on board are suspended except for hot drinks and water.
  • Cabin crew on board must wear a mask during flight, in accordance with the recommendations of the Health Authorities.

Rail transportation

  • On passenger trains the maximum number of passengers aboard shall be the number of seats.
  • The use of protective masks, including those made of cloth or other materials, is compulsory in order to protect the nose and mouth.
  • The owners of undertakings and their means of transportation, as well as operators and their crews, shall also ensure the conditions of hygiene and prevention in accordance with the recommendations of the Health Authorities.

Maritime and port transportation

  • In regard to maritime and port transportation, maritime authorities and port managers shall ensure that all members of the vessels’ crews are subject to compulsory health screening.
  • During the ships’ stay in port it is necessary to ensure that all members of the crew remain on board.
  • Ships calling at national ports must comply strictly with the preventive measures issued by the health authorities for the ship's entry into port.
  • The removal of all kinds of waste from the ship should be prohibited.
  • All employees working in Ports are obliged to observe the protection and safety measures.
  • It must be ensured that the health officer, who is a member of the port authorities' team, must first board to assess the health of the crew members, and only once free practice has been declared on board, will the remaining members of the inspection, customs and migration team enter.
  • Managers of sailing clubs, wet docks and tourist resorts who become aware of yachts or other foreign vessels coming to their premises by sea, river or lake shall inform the health and maritime authorities.

 

Is the use of interprovincial public transportation permitted?

Users may only use inter-provincial, inter-district, interurban public transportation in case of necessary and urgent journeys in accordance with the Decree that approves the administrative implementation measures for the prevention and containment of COVID-19.  

All entities that oversee the area of transportation at provincial, district, municipal and supervisory levels, in coordination with other relevant entities, shall carry out supervisory actions to ensure compliance with the measures adopted in this Decree.

 

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This information is being updated on a regular basis.

All information contained herein and all opinions expressed are of a general nature and are not intended to substitute recourse to expert legal advice for the resolution of real cases.